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Pie Chart Component
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a!pieChartField( label, instructions, series, showDataLabels, showTooltips, showAsPercentage, labelPosition, helpTooltip, accessibilityText, showWhen, colorScheme, style, seriesLabelStyle, height, data, config, refreshAlways, refreshAfter, refreshInterval, refreshOnReferencedVarChange, refreshOnVarChange, allowImageDownload )

Displays numerical data as slices of a single circle. Use a pie chart to graphically display parts of a whole.

See also:


Name Keyword Types Description




Text to display as the field label.




Supplemental text about this field.



List of PieChartSeries

Array of data series created with a!chartSeries().

Show data labels



Determines if data values are displayed with each pie slice. Default: false.

Show tooltips



Determines if a tooltip displays the data value for a pie slice. Default: false.

Show as percentage



Determines if the data is shown as a percentage. Default: false.

Label Position



Determines where the label appears. Valid values:

  • "ABOVE" (default) Displays the label above the component.
  • "ADJACENT" Displays the label to the left of the component.
  • "COLLAPSED" Hides the label. The label will still be read by screen readers; see accessibility considerations for more information.
  • "JUSTIFIED" Aligns the label alongside the component starting at the edge of the page.

Help Tooltip



Displays a help icon with the specified text as a tooltip. The tooltip displays a maximum of 500 characters. The help icon does not show when the label position is "COLLAPSED".

Accessibility Text



Additional text to be announced by screen readers. Used only for accessibility; produces no visible change.




Determines whether the component is displayed on the interface. When set to false, the component is hidden and is not evaluated. Default: true.

Color scheme


Any type

Determines which color scheme to use in the chart. Use one of the following valid values: "CLASSIC", "MIDNIGHT", "OCEAN", "MOSS", "BERRY", "PARACHUTE", "RAINFOREST" (default), "SUNSET" or define a custom color scheme using a!colorSchemeCustom. See Chart Color Scheme for color scheme examples.




Determines if the chart displays as a full pie or as a donut. Valid values: "PIE" (default), "DONUT".

Series Label Style



Determines where to display the series labels. Valid values: "ON_CHART" (default), "LEGEND", "NONE".




Determines the chart height. Valid values: "SHORT", "MEDIUM" (default), "TALL".



Any type

Reference to the record type used for the source of this chart. Can accept a!recordData or a Record Type Reference.

Chart Configuration



Configures how to display data on the chart, including fields used for calculations and grouping, using a!pieChartConfig().

Refresh Always



When true, chart data will be refreshed after each user interaction and each interval refresh. Default: false.

Refresh After


List of Text String

Refreshes chart data each time a specified event completes. Valid values: "RECORD_ACTION".

Refresh After an Interval of Time


Number (Decimal)

How often chart data gets refreshed in minutes. When null, chart data will not be refreshed on an interval. Valid values: "0.5", "1", "2", "3", "4", "5", "10", "30", and "60".

Refresh on Reference Variable Change



When true, chart data will be refreshed each time the value of any variable referenced in the data parameter is updated. To refresh chart data when another variable that is not used in the data parameter changes, use refreshOnVarChange. Default: true.

Refresh on Variable Change


Any Type

Refreshes chart data each time any of these specific variables change. This allows you to refresh the chart data when a variable that is not referenced in the data parameter is updated. You can define a single variable (e.g. refreshOnVarChange: local!var1) or a list of variables (e.g. refreshOnVarChange: {local!var1, local!var2}).

Allow Image Download



Determines if the chart download button displays on the chart. Default: false.


There are two ways to configure a pie chart:

  1. Set a record type as the data source and define fields to display on the chart.
  2. Perform your own query and define lists of data within the series.

If you have a record type that uses a database as the source, or a record type with data sync enabled, we recommend using the record type as the source of your chart. This configuration is easier because Appian will perform the query for you and display the results directly in the chart.

If your record type uses a web service as the source and does not have data sync enabled, use the categories and series to construct the chart manually.

Using record data

Configuring a pie chart using a record type as the source requires using two parameters: data and config. Once you provide a record type in the data parameter and provide the fields in the config parameter, the chart displays the results.

See Chart Configuration Using Record Data for details on using a record type as the source. See Build Reports from Records for examples of reports created with different charts.

Using series

When using series, you must provide the list of data labels and values directly to the parameter using a list of a!chartSeries().

  • The labels and data arguments in the series are shown in the data labels and tooltips (if enabled).
  • If a series has a non-null label value paired with a 0, null, or empty data value, the data value is treated as 0 and is still displayed if Show data labels is set to true. For example, Americas: 0.
  • If a series argument has a null or empty label paired with a non-null data value, the label is displayed as [Series #] with # as the label's index number in the series if Show data labels is set to true. For example, [Series 1]: 3.
  • If a series argument has both a null or empty label paired with a 0, null, or empty data value, the above behaviors are combined and the following is displayed if Show data labels is set to true: [Series 1]: 0.

Usage considerations

Chart legends

  • If the series label style is set to LEGEND and data labels are displayed, the data labels are shown in the legend in parentheses. For example, West Region (25%).
  • Using the LEGEND or NONE series label styles will ensure consistent sizing of the pie for any columns of the same width. When ON_CHART is used for the series label style, the pie changes size based on the length of the series label.
  • The ON_CHART style will usually use screen space more effectively than the LEGEND. Since showing the legend guarantees the same size pies across columns of the same width, there may be extra whitespace if a short label is used in the legend.
  • If the legend is displayed, it will show below the pie in MEDIUM width columns or narrower; in wider columns the legend will show adjacent to the chart. The legend always displays below the pie on phones.

Chart data and values

  • If a data value is negative, the data label shows it as negative (for example -20), but it still displays as a pie slice. To avoid any confusion, negative values should only be used with bar, column, and line charts.
  • Since pie chart values do not have an x-axis for reference, Appian recommends setting Show data labels as true.
  • When values are shown as percentages, they are rounded to one decimal place. If values in the second decimal place are 5 or higher, the first decimal number is rounded up.
  • If data contains a!recordData or a record type reference, the series parameter is ignored.
  • When you use a record type as a source for your chart, you can use a!measure() to perform a calculation on a single field. If you need to perform multiple calculations within the same chart, use series to configure your chart instead of data and config.

Chart lines and background colors

When the chart is placed in a colored card, the chart background will match the color of the card. Text labels and lines in the chart will also adjust if a dark background color is used. See the SAIL Design System for best practices on using charts with background colors.

Chart refresh behavior

  • You can define a!refreshVariable parameters directly in the chart without creating additional local variables. The only exception being refreshOnVarChange, which refreshes the chart after a specific local variable has changed.
  • When you use a record type as the source of your chart, it's recommended to use the refresh parameters in the chart instead of using local variables and the a!refreshVariable() function. This is because the refresh behavior will automatically apply to the fields specified in the data parameter of the chart.
  • If you're not using a record type as the source of your chart, it's recommended to use local variables and the a!refreshVariable() function to define refresh behavior since you won't use the data parameter to configure your chart.


The examples below demonstrate how to configure your charts using categories and series. For examples on using record data, see Chart Configuration Using Record Data.

Pie chart with label, instructions, and data labels

Use the interactive editor below to test out your code:

Pie chart with label, instructions, data labels, tooltips, and percentage

Use the interactive editor below to test out your code:

Donut style chart with legend and colors assigned in series

Use the interactive editor below to test out your code:

Feature compatibility

The table below lists this SAIL component's compatibility with various features in Appian.
Feature Compatibility Note
Portals Compatible
Offline Mobile Incompatible
Sync-Time Custom Record Fields Incompatible
Real-Time Custom Record Fields Incompatible

Custom record fields that evaluate in real time must be configured using one or more Custom Field functions.

Process Reports Incompatible

Cannot be used to configure a process report.

Process Events Incompatible

Cannot be used to configure a process event node, such as a start event or timer event.

The following patterns include usage of the Pie Chart Component.

  • Aggregate Data and Conditionally Display in a Chart or Grid (Reports, Charts, Query Data, Grids, Records): Aggregate data and conditionally display it in a pie chart or grid. In this pattern, we will calculate the total number of employees in each department and display it in a pie chart and a read-only grid. Then, we'll use a link field to conditionally display each component.

  • Aggregate Data and Display in a Chart (Reports, Charts, Query Data, Records): Aggregate data, specifically the total number of employees in a given department, to display in a pie chart.

  • Filter the Data in a Grid Using a Chart (Charts, Grids, Filtering, Records): Display an interactive pie chart with selectable sections so that a user may filter the results in a grid.

  • Refresh Until Asynchronous Action Completes (Auto-Refresh): Use a refresh interval to display the results of an asynchronous action automatically.

Pie Chart Component