Rich text styles allow designers to visually differentiate text in user interfaces in order to aid information comprehension. These styles should be used only as supplemental techniques since not all users can benefit from them. For example, non-sighted or low-vision users who rely on a screen reader to announce text in a UI will not know which words are bolded or shown at a larger size. Similarly, color blind users may not be able to identify the green color of positive-style text, nor the red color of negative-style text. The words and numbers in UI content should convey the most critical information without relying on styles.
In this example, "Positive" and "Negative" styles highlight qualitative record attributes, while the "Medium" text size makes the values more noticeable on the page. The fundamental information is conveyed in words as plain text so that users with limited vision can still comprehend the content.
When selecting custom colors for rich text values, remember to ensure that there is sufficient contrast between the text and the background for legibility. This is particularly important when the text will be displayed on top of a colored background (such as a billboard layout or card layout).
Rich text headers, not styled rich text items, should be used to represent content sections in an accessible way.
Positive and Negative Styles
The "Positive" and "Negative" rich text styles are intended to highlight values of business significance (for example, increased or decreased revenues). It is not recommended to use these styles for decorative purposes, i.e. to make text arbitrarily green or red without a corresponding meaning.
When using "Positive" or "Negative" rich text styles for billboard content, pay careful attention to ensure sufficient contrast between the background media and the text. When the "Dark" overlay style is selected, the regular text color is automatically switched from black to white to maximize contrast. However, positive and negative text retain their green and red colors, respectively.
Don’t use "Positive" or "Negative" styles for content that will be shown above a background which would not provide sufficient contrast for easy reading.
Use the “Emphasis” rich text style to draw attention to certain words or phrases in a sentence or paragraph.
Use a smaller text size and/or the “Secondary” rich text color, instead of the “Emphasis” style, to differentiate subordinate text.
Don’t use the “Emphasis” rich text style for an entire sentence or paragraph because italicized text is harder to read.