In this article, you will learn how to set up a connected system with the OAuth 2.0 Authorization Code grant. Additionally, you will learn how to use the Connected System in an Integration. Finally, you will see how to create an interface to give individual users a link to authorize the connection.
Because configuring OAuth differs so much between systems and scenarios, this article only discusses the setup at a high-level. Use this information as a general guide rather than specific steps to complete a particular solution.
Appian is the OAuth client in this scenario, which means that it needs to obtain client credentials from the resource's authorization server. Typically, this requires registration with the third-party system though an application or project built within the third-party system. Refer to the third-party's documentation for guidance on OAuth registration for their system.
Because you will need to enter values both in Appian and the third-party system, it's a good idea to keep the third-party's application settings open in another tab or window while configuring the connected system.
Once you have set up the necessary pieces in the other system, it's now time to create the connected system.
Click New, then choose Connected System from the dropdown menu
Give the Connected System a name, description, and a logo
The Authentication dropdown has the option OAuth 2.0: Authorization Code. Select this option to reveal the OAuth configuration box. The Authorization Code grant requires that you enter values both Appian and the other system in order to implement successfully.
Before a user can get data from an integration that authenticates with the Authorization Code grant, they must first authorize the connection. Before creating the Connected System, you should verify that the configuration is valid and will enable a user to authorize the connection.
If the connection fails verify the settings entered in either system and try again. See the troubleshooting section below for more details.
Once the connected system is configured, it can be used in an integration.
If you are testing the integration as the same user to test the authorization, you will already have authorized the connection (this testing can also occur from the integration. If you're using a different user account, than you'll need to authorize before the integration will return a token and data.
Using an OAuth Connected System is no different than calling any other connected system in an integration
Because access tokens are per user, Designers need to consider how users will grant access to a protected resource.
Any user needs to grant Appian access to the other system so that Appian can obtain an access token. To achieve this, Designers must use an a!authorizationLink().
It's important to note that write-based errors that warrant authorization links have a much lower likelihood of occurring. Because interfaces that write data to another system typically query data as well, the initial integration call would pick up the authorization issue first. However, it's still useful to create write-based authorization link to ensure the data submitted by the user makes it to the other system.
If for some reason your connection is not working, you'll need to take corrective action. This section offers some general guidelines when trying to determine the cause of the failed connection. It is not meant to be a comprehensive list of all possible error scenarios. Be sure to read the error messages from the connected system and integrations, as the often provide specific details about the issue and suggestive corrective action.
If the Authorization Endpoint or Scope is misconfigured in the connected system, it can impact the ability to make a successful connection to the authorization server. Users may see no pop-up or a 401 error from the other system.
Verify that the appropriate values are entered in the connected system.
Depending on the reason for the missing pop-up, the Connected System will return the error in a red message box. These error boxes contain useful information about the cause of the error.
If the Client Secret is not entered properly, the other system will not know what resources should be authorized. Typically, this is seen in the other system's authorization pop-up as an error message.
In addition to the client secret the callback url could have been incorrectly entered in the other system. Ensure the callback url entered in the other system matches what was provided by the connected system
If the user has not previously authorized the resource, the Integration will throw an error until the user has allowed the data to be requested.
Additionally, if the Token Request Endpoint or the Client Secret is not configured correctly, the authorization server cannot return a valid token to the client. Verify that this endpoint's value has been properly entered.